Demographia
Urban Areas in the United States: 1950 to 2010
Principal Urban Areas in Metropolitan Areas
Over 1,000,000 Population in 2010
Complete Listing: 1950-2000: Urban Area, Historic Core Municipality & Suburban Data
Previous File Data (More Detailed 1950-1990 data)
5 Tables Below
1-Population
2-Land Area: Square Miles
3-Density-Square Miles
4-Land Area-Square Kilometers
5-Density-Square Kilometers
             
Table 1              
Urban Area Population              
               
POPULATION X 1,000              
Urban Area (Urbanized Area) 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Atlanta, GA               507               768            1,172        1,613           2,157          3,500          4,515
Austin, TX               136               187               264           380              562             902          1,362
Baltimore, MD            1,162            1,419            1,580        1,755           1,890          2,076          2,204
Birmingham, AL               445               521               558           606              622             664             749
Boston, MA--NH--RI            2,233            2,413            2,653        2,679           2,775          4,032          4,181
Buffalo, NY               895            1,054            1,087        1,002              954             977             936
Charlotte, NC--SC               141               210               279           351              456             759          1,249
Chicago, IL--IN            4,921            5,959            6,715        6,780           6,792          8,308          8,608
Cincinnati, OH--KY--IN               813               994            1,111        1,123           1,212          1,503          1,625
Cleveland, OH            1,384            1,785            1,960        1,752           1,677          1,787          1,781
Columbus, OH               438               617               790           834              945          1,133          1,368
Dallas--Fort Worth, TX               855            1,435            2,016        2,451           3,198          4,146          5,122
Denver, CO               499               804            1,047        1,352           1,518          1,985          2,374
Detroit, MI            2,752            3,738            3,971        3,809           3,697          3,903          3,734
Fort Lauderdale, FL                 320               614        1,008           1,238    
Hartford, CT               301               382               465           510              546             852             925
Houston, TX               701            1,140            1,678        2,412           2,902          3,823          4,944
Indianapolis, IN               502               639               820           836              915          1,219          1,487
Jacksonville, FL               242               373               530           598              738             882          1,065
Kansas City, MO--KS               698               921            1,102        1,098           1,275          1,362          1,519
Las Vegas, NV                    89               236           432              697          1,314          1,886
Los Angeles, CA            3,997            6,489            8,351        9,479         11,402        11,789       12,151
Louisville, KY               472               607               739           761              755             864             973
Memphis, TN--MS--AR               406               545               664           775              825             972          1,060
Miami, FL               459               853            1,220        1,608           1,915          4,919          5,502
Milwaukee, WI               829            1,150            1,252        1,207           1,226          1,309          1,376
Minneapolis--St. Paul, MN--WI               987            1,377            1,701        1,788           2,080          2,389          2,651
Nashville, TN               259               347               448           518              573             750             970
New Orleans, LA               660               845               962        1,078           1,040          1,009             900
New York, NY-NJ-CT          12,296          14,115          16,207      15,590         16,044        17,800       18,351
Oklahoma City, OK               275               429               580           674              784             747             862
Orlando, FL                  73               200               305           577              887          1,157          1,511
Philadelphia, PA--NJ--DE--MD            2,922            3,635            4,021        4,112           4,222          5,149          5,442
Phoenix, AZ               216               552               863        1,409           2,006          2,907          3,629
Pittsburgh, PA            1,533            1,804            1,846        1,810           1,678          1,753          1,734
Portland, OR--WA               513               652               825        1,026           1,172          1,583          1,850
Providence, RI--MA               583               660               795           796              846          1,175          1,191
Raleigh, NC                  69                  94               152           205              306             541             885
Richmond, VA               258               333               417           492              590             819             954
Riverside--San Bernardino, CA               136               378               584           705           1,170          1,506          1,933
Rochester, NY               409               493               601           606              620             694             721
Sacramento, CA               212               452               641           796           1,097          1,393          1,724
Salt Lake City, UT               227               349               479           674              789             888          1,021
San Antonio, TX               450               642               773           945           1,129          1,328          1,758
San Diego, CA               433               836            1,198        1,704           2,348          2,674          2,957
San Francisco--Oakland, CA            2,022            2,431            2,988        3,191           3,630          3,229          3,281
San Jose, CA               176               603            1,025        1,244           1,435          1,538          1,664
Seattle, WA               622               864            1,238        1,392           1,744          2,712          3,059
St. Louis, MO--IL            1,401            1,668            1,883        1,849           1,947          2,078          2,151
Tampa--St. Petersburg, FL               408               627               863        1,353           1,709          2,062          2,442
Virginia Beach-Norfolk, VA               385               508               668           770           1,323          1,394          1,440
Washington, DC--VA--MD            1,287            1,808            2,481        2,763           3,363          3,934          4,587
               
Total         54,600         72,114         87,418     95,278      107,421     128,189    142,363
               
               
Table 2              
Urban Land Area (Square Miles)              
               
LAND AREA (Square Miles)              
Urban Area (Urbanized Area) 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Atlanta, GA               106               246               435           905           1,137          1,963          2,645
Austin, TX                  35                  51                  86           141              273             318             523
Baltimore, MD               152               220               310           523              593             683             717
Birmingham, AL               101               157               225           341              399             392             530
Boston, MA--NH--RI               345               516               664           857              891          1,736          1,873
Buffalo, NY               123               160               214           266              286             367             380
Charlotte, NC--SC                  35                  74               106           190              242             435             741
Chicago, IL--IN               708               960            1,277        1,498           1,585          2,123          2,443
Cincinnati, OH--KY--IN               146               242               335           420              512             672             788
Cleveland, OH               300               587               646           629              636             647             772
Columbus, OH                  65               145               235           305              345             398             510
Dallas--Fort Worth, TX               262               920            1,071        1,280           1,443          1,407          1,779
Denver, CO               105               167               293           439              459             499             668
Detroit, MI               423               732               872        1,044           1,119          1,261          1,337
Fort Lauderdale, FL                 124               212           289              327    
Hartford, CT                  53               131               131           208              241             469             516
Houston, TX               270               431               539        1,049           1,177          1,295          1,660
Indianapolis, IN                  91               145               381           433              469             553             706
Jacksonville, FL                  51               111               351           431              508             411             530
Kansas City, MO--KS               149               282               475           589              762             584             678
Las Vegas, NV                    34               121           185              231             286             417
Los Angeles, CA               871            1,370            1,572        1,827           1,966          1,668          1,736
Louisville, KY                  67               136               210           261              283             391             477
Memphis, TN--MS--AR               110               156               196           296              341             400             497
Miami, FL               117               183               259           340              353          1,116          1,239
Milwaukee, WI               102               392               457           496              512             487             546
Minneapolis--St. Paul, MN--WI               231               657               721           980           1,063             894          1,022
Nashville, TN                  54               129               344           413              483             431             563
New Orleans, LA               222               267               184           230              270             198             251
New York, NY-NJ-CT            1,253            1,892            2,425        2,808           2,967          3,353          3,450
Oklahoma City, OK                  67               385               339           449              647             322             411
Orlando, FL                  25                  77               132           312              395             453             598
Philadelphia, PA--NJ--DE--MD               312               597               752        1,015           1,164          1,799          1,981
Phoenix, AZ                  55               248               388           600              741             799          1,147
Pittsburgh, PA               254               525               596           713              778             852             905
Portland, OR--WA               114               192               267           349              388             474             524
Providence, RI--MA               143               188               244           282              299             504             545
Raleigh, NC                  12                  34                  71             99              176             320             518
Richmond, VA                  48                  89               145           251              303             436             492
Riverside--San Bernardino, CA                  61               169               310           359              460             439             545
Rochester, NY                  65               113               146           201              220             295             324
Sacramento, CA                  42               134               254           278              334             369             471
Salt Lake City, UT                  76               131               184           303              254             231             278
San Antonio, TX                  90               192               223           354              438             408             597
San Diego, CA               133               276               381           611              690             782             732
San Francisco--Oakland, CA               287               572               681           796              874             527             524
San Jose, CA                  61               223               277           326              338             260             286
Seattle, WA               123               238               413           424              588             954          1,010
St. Louis, MO--IL               228               323               461           597              728             829             924
Tampa--St. Petersburg, FL               180               218               291           527              650             802             957
Virginia Beach-Norfolk, VA                  62               109               299           418              664             527             515
Washington, DC--VA--MD               178               341               495           807              945          1,157          1,322
 
Total           9,163         16,991         22,696     29,744        33,947       38,976       45,602
Table 3              
Urban Area Density (per Square Mile)            
 
POPULATION DENSITY (Per Square Mile)          
Urban Area (Urbanized Area) 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Atlanta, GA            4,783            3,122            2,694        1,782           1,897          1,783          1,707
Austin, TX            3,886            3,667            3,070        2,695           2,059          2,836          2,605
Baltimore, MD            7,645            6,450            5,097        3,356           3,187          3,040          3,073
Birmingham, AL            4,406            3,318            2,480        1,777           1,559          1,694          1,414
Boston, MA--NH--RI            6,472            4,676            3,995        3,126           3,114          2,323          2,232
Buffalo, NY            7,276            6,588            5,079        3,767           3,336          2,662          2,463
Charlotte, NC--SC            4,029            2,838            2,632        1,847           1,884          1,745          1,685
Chicago, IL--IN            6,951            6,207            5,258        4,526           4,285          3,913          3,524
Cincinnati, OH--KY--IN            5,568            4,107            3,316        2,674           2,367          2,237          2,063
Cleveland, OH            4,613            3,041            3,034        2,785           2,637          2,762          2,307
Columbus, OH            6,738            4,255            3,362        2,734           2,739          2,847          2,680
Dallas--Fort Worth, TX            3,263            1,560            1,882        1,915           2,216          2,947          2,879
Denver, CO            4,752            4,814            3,573        3,080           3,307          3,978          3,554
Detroit, MI            6,506            5,107            4,554        3,648           3,304          3,095          2,793
Fort Lauderdale, FL              2,581            2,896        3,488           3,786  
Hartford, CT            5,679            2,916            3,550        2,452           2,266          1,817          1,791
Houston, TX            2,596            2,645            3,113        2,299           2,466          2,952          2,978
Indianapolis, IN            5,516            4,407            2,152        1,931           1,951          2,204          2,108
Jacksonville, FL            4,745            3,360            1,510        1,387           1,453          2,146          2,008
Kansas City, MO--KS            4,685            3,266            2,320        1,864           1,673          2,332          2,242
Las Vegas, NV              2,618            1,950        2,335           3,017          4,594          4,525
Los Angeles, CA            4,589            4,736            5,312        5,188           5,800          7,068          6,999
Louisville, KY            7,045            4,463            3,519        2,916           2,668          2,210          2,040
Memphis, TN--MS--AR            3,691            3,494            3,388        2,618           2,419          2,430          2,132
Miami, FL            3,923            4,661            4,710        4,729           5,425          4,408          4,442
Milwaukee, WI            8,127            2,934            2,740        2,433           2,395          2,688          2,523
Minneapolis--St. Paul, MN--WI            4,273            2,096            2,359        1,824           1,957          2,672          2,594
Nashville, TN            4,796            2,690            1,302        1,254           1,186          1,740          1,721
New Orleans, LA            2,973            3,165            5,228        4,687           3,852          5,096          3,579
New York, NY-NJ-CT            9,813            7,460            6,683        5,552           5,407          5,309          5,319
Oklahoma City, OK            4,104            1,114            1,711        1,501           1,212          2,320          2,098
Orlando, FL            2,920            2,597            2,311        1,849           2,246          2,554          2,527
Philadelphia, PA--NJ--DE--MD            9,365            6,089            5,347        4,051           3,627          2,862          2,746
Phoenix, AZ            3,927            2,226            2,224        2,348           2,707          3,638          3,165
Pittsburgh, PA            6,035            3,436            3,097        2,539           2,157          2,058          1,915
Portland, OR--WA            4,500            3,396            3,090        2,940           3,021          3,340          3,528
Providence, RI--MA            4,077            3,511            3,258        2,823           2,829          2,331          2,185
Raleigh, NC            5,750            2,765            2,141        2,071           1,739          1,691          1,708
Richmond, VA            5,375            3,742            2,876        1,960           1,947          1,878          1,937
Riverside--San Bernardino, CA            2,230            2,237            1,884        1,964           2,543          3,431          3,546
Rochester, NY            6,292            4,363            4,116        3,015           2,818          2,353          2,221
Sacramento, CA            5,048            3,373            2,524        2,863           3,284          3,775          3,660
Salt Lake City, UT            2,987            2,664            2,603      22,467           3,106          3,844          3,675
San Antonio, TX            5,000            3,344            3,466        2,669           2,578          3,255          2,945
San Diego, CA            3,256            3,029            3,144        2,789           3,403          3,419          4,037
San Francisco--Oakland, CA            7,045            4,250            4,388        4,009           4,153          6,127          6,266
San Jose, CA            2,885            2,704            3,700        3,816           4,246          5,915          5,820
Seattle, WA            5,057            3,630            2,998        3,283           2,966          2,843          3,028
St. Louis, MO--IL            6,145            5,164            4,085        3,097           2,674          2,507          2,329
Tampa--St. Petersburg, FL            2,267            2,876            2,966        2,567           2,629          2,571          2,552
Virginia Beach-Norfolk, VA            6,210            4,661            2,234        1,842           1,992          2,645          2,793
Washington, DC--VA--MD            7,230            5,302            5,012        3,424           3,559          3,400          3,470
Total           5,959           4,244           3,852       3,203          3,164         3,289         3,122
 
Table 4              
Urban Land Area (Square Kilometers)            
 
LAND AREA (Square Kilometers)
Urban Area (Urbanized Area) 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Atlanta, GA               275               637            1,127        2,344           2,945          5,084          6,851
Austin, TX                  91               132               223           365              707             824          1,355
Baltimore, MD               394               570               803        1,355           1,536          1,769          1,857
Birmingham, AL               262               407               583           883           1,033          1,015          1,372
Boston, MA--NH--RI               894            1,336            1,720        2,220           2,308          4,496          4,852
Buffalo, NY               319               414               554           689              741             951             984
Charlotte, NC--SC                  91               192               275           492              627          1,127          1,920
Chicago, IL--IN            1,834            2,486            3,307        3,880           4,105          5,499          6,327
Cincinnati, OH--KY--IN               378               627               868        1,088           1,326          1,740          2,040
Cleveland, OH               777            1,520            1,673        1,629           1,647          1,676          1,999
Columbus, OH               168               376               609           790              894          1,031          1,322
Dallas--Fort Worth, TX               679            2,383            2,774        3,315           3,737          3,644          4,608
Denver, CO               272               433               759        1,137           1,189          1,292          1,730
Detroit, MI            1,096            1,896            2,258        2,704           2,898          3,266          3,463
Fort Lauderdale, FL                   -                 321               549           749              847                 -                  -  
Hartford, CT               137               339               339           539              624          1,215          1,337
Houston, TX               699            1,116            1,396        2,717           3,048          3,354          4,299
Indianapolis, IN               236               376               987        1,121           1,215          1,432          1,828
Jacksonville, FL               132               287               909        1,116           1,316          1,064          1,374
Kansas City, MO--KS               386               730            1,230        1,526           1,974          1,513          1,756
Las Vegas, NV                   -                    88               313           479              598             741          1,080
Los Angeles, CA            2,256            3,548            4,071        4,732           5,092          4,320          4,496
Louisville, KY               174               352               544           676              733          1,013          1,235
Memphis, TN--MS--AR               285               404               508           767              883          1,036          1,288
Miami, FL               303               474               671           881              914          2,890          3,208
Milwaukee, WI               264            1,015            1,184        1,285           1,326          1,261          1,413
Minneapolis--St. Paul, MN--WI               598            1,702            1,867        2,538           2,753          2,315          2,646
Nashville, TN               140               334               891        1,070           1,251          1,116          1,459
New Orleans, LA               575               692               477           596              699             513             651
New York, NY-NJ-CT            3,245            4,900            6,281        7,273           7,685          8,684          8,936
Oklahoma City, OK               174               997               878        1,163           1,676             834          1,064
Orlando, FL                  65               199               342           808           1,023          1,173          1,548
Philadelphia, PA--NJ--DE--MD               808            1,546            1,948        2,629           3,015          4,659          5,132
Phoenix, AZ               142               642            1,005        1,554           1,919          2,069          2,970
Pittsburgh, PA               658            1,360            1,544        1,847           2,015          2,207          2,344
Portland, OR--WA               295               497               692           904           1,005          1,228          1,358
Providence, RI--MA               370               487               632           730              774          1,305          1,412
Raleigh, NC                  31                  88               184           256              456             829          1,342
Richmond, VA               124               231               376           650              785          1,129          1,275
Riverside--San Bernardino, CA               158               438               803           930           1,191          1,137          1,411
Rochester, NY               168               293               378           521              570             764             840
Sacramento, CA               109               347               658           720              865             956          1,220
Salt Lake City, UT               197               339               477             78              658             598             720
San Antonio, TX               233               497               578           917           1,134          1,057          1,546
San Diego, CA               344               715               987        1,582           1,787          2,025          1,897
San Francisco--Oakland, CA               743            1,481            1,764        2,062           2,264          1,365          1,356
San Jose, CA               158               578               717           844              875             673             741
Seattle, WA               319               616            1,070        1,098           1,523          2,471          2,617
St. Louis, MO--IL               591               837            1,194        1,546           1,886          2,147          2,392
Tampa--St. Petersburg, FL               466               565               754        1,365           1,684          2,077          2,479
Virginia Beach-Norfolk, VA               161               282               774        1,083           1,720          1,365          1,335
Washington, DC--VA--MD               461               883            1,282        2,090           2,448          2,997          3,423
 
Total         23,732         44,007         58,783     76,330        87,923     100,948    118,110
 
Table 5              
Urban Area Density (per Square Kilometer)            
 
POPULATION DENSITY (Per Square Kilometer)
Urban Area (Urbanized Area) 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Atlanta, GA            1,847            1,205            1,040           688              732             688             659
Austin, TX            1,500            1,416            1,185        1,041              795          1,095          1,006
Baltimore, MD            2,952            2,490            1,968        1,296           1,231          1,174          1,187
Birmingham, AL            1,701            1,281               958           686              602             654             546
Boston, MA--NH--RI            2,499            1,806            1,543        1,207           1,203             897             862
Buffalo, NY            2,809            2,543            1,961        1,454           1,288          1,028             951
Charlotte, NC--SC            1,555            1,096            1,016           713              728             674             651
Chicago, IL--IN            2,684            2,397            2,030        1,748           1,655          1,511          1,361
Cincinnati, OH--KY--IN            2,150            1,586            1,280        1,032              914             864             796
Cleveland, OH            1,781            1,174            1,171        1,075           1,018          1,066             891
Columbus, OH            2,602            1,643            1,298        1,056           1,058          1,099          1,035
Dallas--Fort Worth, TX            1,260               602               727           739              856          1,138          1,112
Denver, CO            1,835            1,859            1,380        1,189           1,277          1,536          1,372
Detroit, MI            2,512            1,972            1,758        1,409           1,276          1,195          1,078
Fort Lauderdale, FL               996            1,118        1,347           1,462
Hartford, CT            2,193            1,126            1,371           947              875             701             692
Houston, TX            1,002            1,021            1,202           888              952          1,140          1,150
Indianapolis, IN            2,130            1,702               831           745              753             851             814
Jacksonville, FL            1,832            1,297               583           536              561             829             775
Kansas City, MO--KS            1,809            1,261               896           720              646             900             865
Las Vegas, NV            1,011               753           902           1,165          1,774          1,747
Los Angeles, CA            1,772            1,829            2,051        2,003           2,239          2,729          2,702
Louisville, KY            2,720            1,723            1,359        1,126           1,030             853             788
Memphis, TN--MS--AR            1,425            1,349            1,308        1,011              934             938             823
Miami, FL            1,515            1,800            1,819        1,826           2,095          1,702          1,715
Milwaukee, WI            3,138            1,133            1,058           940              925          1,038             974
Minneapolis--St. Paul, MN--WI            1,650               809               911           704              755          1,032          1,002
Nashville, TN            1,852            1,039               503           484              458             672             664
New Orleans, LA            1,148            1,222            2,019        1,810           1,487          1,968          1,382
New York, NY-NJ-CT            3,789            2,880            2,580        2,144           2,088          2,050          2,054
Oklahoma City, OK            1,585               430               661           580              468             896             810
Orlando, FL            1,127            1,003               892           714              867             986             976
Philadelphia, PA--NJ--DE--MD            3,616            2,351            2,065        1,564           1,400          1,105          1,060
Phoenix, AZ            1,516               859               859           907           1,045          1,405          1,222
Pittsburgh, PA            2,330            1,327            1,196           980              833             794             740
Portland, OR--WA            1,737            1,311            1,193        1,135           1,166          1,289          1,362
Providence, RI--MA            1,574            1,355            1,258        1,090           1,092             900             844
Raleigh, NC            2,220            1,067               827           800              671             653             659
Richmond, VA            2,075            1,445            1,110           757              752             725             748
Riverside--San Bernardino, CA               861               864               727           758              982          1,325          1,369
Rochester, NY            2,429            1,684            1,589        1,164           1,088             908             857
Sacramento, CA            1,949            1,302               974        1,106           1,268          1,458          1,413
Salt Lake City, UT            1,153            1,029            1,005        8,674           1,199          1,484          1,419
San Antonio, TX            1,931            1,291            1,338        1,031              995          1,257          1,137
San Diego, CA            1,257            1,169            1,214        1,077           1,314          1,320          1,559
San Francisco--Oakland, CA            2,720            1,641            1,694        1,548           1,604          2,366          2,419
San Jose, CA            1,114            1,044            1,429        1,473           1,639          2,284          2,247
Seattle, WA            1,952            1,402            1,157        1,268           1,145          1,098          1,169
St. Louis, MO--IL            2,372            1,994            1,577        1,196           1,033             968             899
Tampa--St. Petersburg, FL               875            1,110            1,145           991           1,015             993             985
Virginia Beach-Norfolk, VA            2,398            1,799               863           711              769          1,021          1,078
Washington, DC--VA--MD            2,792            2,047            1,935        1,322           1,374          1,313          1,340
 
Total           2,301           1,639           1,487       1,248          1,222         1,270         1,205
 
Source: United States Bureau of the Census            
Notes:              
  Urban areas were first designated in the 1950 census          
  Because of definitional changes, caution should be employed in comparing year to year data.    
Individual urban area notes              
   Mission Viejo removed from Los Angeles in 2000            
   Fort Lauderdale added to Miami in 2000 (included in list because it reached more than 1,000,000 population)  
   Concord & Vallejo removed from San Francisco in 2000          
   Substantial non-urban land included in New Orleans 1950-1990            
   Fort Lauderdale & Las Vegas not designated in 1950          
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